Evangelizing Intentionally Less Than All the World

Internet users of evangelism pages are treated rudely, embraced only if they
have good eyesight, and/or common equipment, even though the Bible says:

Go into ALL the world and preach the good news to ALL creation.

Mark 16:15 NIV

Do to others as you would have them do to you.

Luke 6:31 NIV

Name of Site:
Site's Impediments to Universal Access to the Unblind:
American Family Association
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Some text is embedded in images, and so cannot be made big enough to read except by zooming the entire page. Content width is declared in px.
Andrew Wommack Ministries
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in a mixture of pt & px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Its width declared in px tables layout is a semantic anachronism that produces poor compatibility with assistive technology.
BibleGateway.com
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Its obscure text size switcher’s largest text size option produces a considerable amount of text smaller than the default most web browsers ship with. Uses low contrast colors in menu and other links.
The Bible App (bible.com)
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Text color is predominantly gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
BNN - The Bible News Network
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Most text is blue on a blue background that makes contrast low, impeding reading efficiency, comfort and pleasure. Content width is declared in px.
Calvary Austin
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). In its most prominent home page paragraph, text color is white on a pale blue background, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Calvary Community Church, Williams Bay, WI
Broken browser sniffing means deprecated browser plugin required to be of any use on a PC using some web browsers, shows mobile device version in other PC web browsers.
Catholic Online
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Dominant text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Christ Notes
Displays main text too small for those with imperfect vision (arbitrarily reduces 36% from visitor text size preference) "so that more can fit on the page".
Christian Book Previews
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Some text is embedded in images, and so cannot be made big enough to read except by zooming the entire page. Content width is declared in px.
Christian Television Network
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Dominant text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Christianity Today
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Paragraph text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
The Church Channel
A pretty little picture surrounded by some scribble.
Coral Ridge Presbyterian Church
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Paragraph text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Cornerstone Television
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Dominant text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Countryside Christian Center
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Paragraph text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
First Baptist Church of Pflugerville
Text size is arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Paragraph text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
God’s Learning Channel
Paragraph text size arbitrarily reduced 23% from visitor’s optimal text size preference. Other text is arbitrarily sized in px. Content width is declared in px.
GEB America
Paragraph text size is arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Paragraph text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Hope Channel
Most text is arbitrarily sized in px, in disregard of visitor's optimal text size. Text size shrinks as viewport narrows.
Hour of Power
Base text size is an arbitrary fraction of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), which results in a preponderance of text smaller than the visitor’s optimal size. Some text is embedded in images, and so cannot be made big enough to read except by zooming the entire page. Content width is declared in px.
In Touch Ministries
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Paragraph text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of non-optimal text size. Content width and height are declared in px.
INSP - Inspiration Network
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Dominant text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
It Is Written
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at arbitrary fractions of optimal. Prominent focus on need for deprecated browser plugin. Paragraph color scheme is dark gray text on light gray background, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Joel Osteen
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in pt or px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Base content text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
John Hagee Ministries
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Most text colors are grays, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Joy to the World Ministries
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared entirely in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Its width declared in px tables layout is a semantic anachronism that produces poor compatibility with assistive technology.
Joyce Meyer Ministries
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Base text color is pale gray, heavily compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Jubilee Christian Church International House of Glory
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Primary text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Juce TV
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Base text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Considerable text is embedded in images, which cannot be made big enough to read except by zooming the entire page. Content width is declared in px.
Justice at the Gate
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared entirely in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Predominant text colors are grays, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Its width declared in px tables layout is a semantic anachronism that produces poor compatibility with assistive technology.
Kenneth Copeland Ministries
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Base text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content widths are declared in px.
Lakewood Church
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in pt or px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Base content text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
The Liberty Channel
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Base text color is pale gray, heavily compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Living Faith Television
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Base text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px. Site styles outweigh home page HTML by nearly 3:1. Home page images outweigh home page HTML by 32:1.
LLBN - Loma Linda Broadcasting Network
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Produces content-free experience to browsers without scripting supported and enabled. Requires deprecated browser plugin for video content. Markup in head fails validation.
Meadowbrook Church (formerly Ocala Word of Faith)
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Base content text color is light gray, heavily compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Moody Bible Institute
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Base text colors are mainly a mixture of pale grays on lightest backgrounds, and white on pastel backgrounds, heavily compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size.
New Life Church of Baton Rouge
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Base text color is pale gray, heavily compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Northcliffe Baptist Church
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in pt, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Prominent focus on need for deprecated browser plugin. Considerable text is embedded in images, which cannot be made big enough to read except by zooming the entire page. Base text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Very low contrast white on pastel menus. Considerable text lacks material or even discernable leading. Broken semantics produce poor compatibility with assistive technology.
Our Daily Bread Ministries (RBC)
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Base content text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of short x-height font-family declarations. Content width is declared in px.
Peoples Church
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Base content text color is light gray, heavily compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Promise Keepers
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Base content text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of short x-height font-family declarations. Content width is constrained in px.
Rod Parsley’s Breakthrough
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in pt, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Content width is declared in px.
Rod Parsley’s Center for Moral Clarity
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in pt, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Content width is declared in px.
Saddleback Church
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Extensive collection of links with pale text color on white background, heavily compounding the legibility impediment of arbitrary text size. Content width is constrained in px.
SafeTV
Page headed by "This Website Is Designed to Operate Best on..." anachronism. Requires deprecated browser plugin to be of any use on a PC.
Seventh-Day Adventist Church
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Most text is yellow, teal or gray, which combined with extensive non-white backgrounds makes contrast low, impeding reading efficiency, comfort and pleasure.
The Shepherd’s Chapel
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Base content text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is constrained in px.
Sky Angel
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), with some at arbitrary fractions of optimal. Prominent focus on need for deprecated browser plugin. Base content text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Southern Baptist Convention
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Base content text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is constrained in px.
Smile of a Child
Requires deprecated browser plugin to be of any use on a PC. Markup fails validation.
Southwest Church of Christ
Base text size is an arbitrary fraction, 58%, of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), which results in a preponderance of text smaller than the visitor’s optimal size. Base content text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Superchannel WACX-TV
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in pt or px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. "Normal" text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Tim Kaufman Ministries
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Base text color is pale gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Trinity Broadcasting Network
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Considerable text is embedded in images, which cannot be made big enough to read except by zooming the entire page. Content width is declared in px.
United Methodist Church
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Base content text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
University Baptist Church
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Base text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is declared in px.
Wallbuilders
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Content width is declared in px.
2008 screenshot
The Way of the Master
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Prominent focii on need for deprecated browser plugin. Content width is declared in px.
Word of Truth Radio
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared in a mixture of pt & px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Its width declared in px tables layout is a semantic anachronism that produces poor compatibility with assistive technology.
World Christian Broadcasting
Most text sizes are arbitrarily declared in px, in disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference). Paragraph text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Some text is embedded in images, and so cannot be made big enough to read without zooming the whole page. Content width is declared in px.
World Harvest Church (Roswell, GA)
Text sizes are arbitrarily declared either in px, in total disregard of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), or at an arbitrary fraction of optimal. Base content text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size. Content width is constrained in px.
WTBN AM - Tampa Bay’s Christian Talk
Base text size is an arbitrary fraction of visitor’s optimal (visitor’s browser font size preference), which results in a preponderance of text smaller than the visitor’s optimal size. Base content text color is gray, compounding the legibility impediment of sub-optimal text size.

What Would Jesus Do?

Just as surely as I know He is my Lord and Savior, I know a couple of things He would not do:

  1. He would not set any font sizes using px
  2. He would not set a font size on <body> to anything other than 100%, 1em or medium.

By doing neither of the above, He would be respecting users' preferences for web page text sizes, rather than reducing them by an arbitrary amount, or ignoring the preferences altogether.

In addition, I expect He would either take maximum advantage of Flash's accessibility features, or use no Flash at all, opting for alternatives to Flash that maximize accessibility.

Notes

Note 1 - If you can’t read it, nothing else matters.

Res ipsa loquitur.

Note 2 - "Too small"

Virtually all the stylists of the sites above have declared fixed rather than relative text sizes. Therein lies the impediment to reaching all who are willing to see. Different people have different visual acuity, different hardware, different software settings, different physical settings, and so forth. None of these things are taken into account by these stylists. They need not make this omission, but do it because they can, or out of habit, or because of the pervasiveness of other stylists doing it, etc.

They have the option to set their own preferences to suit themselves before designing, just as users have the option to do the same before surfing. By doing this first, and then sizing text using relative measures, such as %, em, rem, ex, or keywords, they experience the size they prefer, or need, and as do everyone else. Everybody wins. This is an unfulfilled potential major strength of the web compared to print media.

Do you suppose most web authors are among those with poor vision? Not likely, is it? No, as a group, they have better than average vision, with an eye for detail a cut above the population at large. So, their concept of how big is big enough is skewed smaller than average.

Do you suppose most web authors are using little old computer displays to do their work 40 hours per week. Not likely, is it? No, as a group, they have fine equipment, typically using displays much larger than average, 21" or larger in many cases. So, their concept of how big is big enough is further skewed smaller than average.

For this evaluation, the pages were visited using screen resolutions of 1152x864, 1280x960, 1400x1050, and/or 1600x1200. Since the advent of very high resolutions and monitors of 17" inches and larger, the old standards of 640x480 VGA and 800x600 SVGA have lost so much ground that fewer than about 10% of users use them. 1024x768 is the most common "happy" or "ideal" resolution for popular low cost standard aspect flat panel displays. 1024x768 is today’s median resolution, making those used here represent "high" resolution.

The higher the resolution, the smaller the physical space between logical screen pixels (px). So, a font size of 12px on a medium sized display at typical 1024x768 resolution will be considerably larger physically (e.g. on 15" diagonal 12px is 2.4 mm tall) than than it will at 1600x1200 resolution, even on a significantly larger display (e.g. on 19" diagonal 12px is 2.0 mm tall). By comparison, front page newspaper text is about 2.3 mm tall. See how many more or fewer px are required to achieve equivalent physical size at alternate resolutions, and also how big physically various px values equate to.

Accessibility experts all agree, relative sizing based upon the user’s preferred size is the right way to size and position text in web design.

Note 3 - Your browser default size vs. CSS keyword sizes.

Here are the CSS keyword sizes based upon the current default in your browser:

  • xx-small Do unto others as you
  • x-small Do unto others as you
  • small Do unto others as you
  • medium Do unto others as you
  • large Do unto others as you
  • x-large Do unto others as you
  • xx-large Do unto others as you

If medium above is not your preferred size, then you haven’t personalized your own default, opting instead for the as-shipped default determined by your browser's makers.

Note 4 - Browser default defaults.

At 120 DPI, 16px produces a default font size numerically comparable to other apps and the operating system equal to 10pt, which is the physical size recommended by usability expert Jakob Nielsen as a web page minimum. 120 DPI is the "large fonts" setting in Windows, where the "medium" default equals 96 DPI. At 96 DPI, 16px equals 12pt. 16px is the default default in Gecko browsers, while Internet Explorer defaults to 12pt regardless of the DPI (system font size) setting. All modern browsers provide some means to adjust default settings to suit their users’ preferences.

Note 5 - Optimal

Site stylists declaring sizes in px wholly disregard users’ browser default text size settings. With regard do any individual user, no predicable relationship exists between a size declared in px and optimal physical size. In contrast, user’s browser default size presumptively embodies whatever physical size best suits the user’s environment.

Some References

Sites formerly listed above, removed after improvements

Linkback


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